Social justice is based on the values of fairness, equality, respect for diversity, access to social protection, and the application of human rights in all spheres of life, including in the workplace. As we face the consequences of the global financial and economic crisis, which has led to significant increases in unemployment and poverty and is straining social integration, these principles are more important than ever
Since 1975, International Women's Year, March 8 has been celebrated as International Women's Day, “to commemorate the historic struggle to improve women's lives". It is celebrated around the world at the local and national levels.
By resolution 836(IX)of 14 December 1954,the General Assembly recommended that all countries institute a Universal Children's Day,to be observed as a day of worldwide fraternity and understanding between children.It recommended that the Day was to be observed also as a day of activity devoted to promoting the ideals and objectives of the Charter and the welfare of the children of the world.The Assembly suggested to governments that the Day be observed on the date and in the way which each considers appropriate. The date 20 November,marks the day on which the Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, in 1959,and the Convention on the Rights of the Child,in 1989.
throughout the world, 3 May serves as an occasion to inform the public of violations of the right to freedom of expression and as a reminder that many journalists brave death or jail to bring people their daily news.
in 1996, the General Assembly invited Member States to observe the International Day for Tolerance on 16 November, with activities directed towards both educational establishments and the wider public (resolution 51/95 of 12 December). This action came in the wake of the United Nations Year for Tolerance, 1995, proclaimed by the Assembly in 1993 (resolution 48/126). The Year had been declared on the initiative of the General Conference of UNESCO. On 16 November 1995, the UNESCO member States had adopted the Declaration of Principles on Tolerance and Follow-up Plan of Action for the Year
The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed annually on 21 March. On that day, in 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville, South Africa, against the apartheid "pass laws". Proclaiming the Day in 1966, the General Assembly called on the international community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination (resolution 2142 (XXI)).
The International Day of Peace was established by the UN General Assembly in 1981 for “commemorating and strengthening the ideals of peace within and among all nations and people.” Twenty years later, the General Assembly decided that 21 September would be observed annually as a “day of global ceasefire and non-violence" and invited all Member States, organizations and individuals to commemorate the day, including through education and public awareness, and to cooperate with the United Nations in the establishment of a global ceasefire.
The National Council for Human Rights organized a workshop entitled"Universal Periodic Review Mechanism( UPR)” on9- 10 November 2015,based on its role in the dissemination and promotion of human rights, and its constitutional and legal mandatein following-up on the commitments of the Egyptian government in the framework of the UPR of Egypt.
Representatives from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Interior, Health and Population, Justice, Legal Affairs and the House of Representatives, Higher Education and Scientific Research, Education, Manpower, Culture, Media, Environment, and Tourism,; in addition tothe National Council for persons with disabilities, the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood, the National Council for Population, and the National Council of Women,participated in the workshop.
The workshop made the following recommendations:
1- Resolving the outstanding issue with the UN Human Rights Council regardinghosting the regional office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Egypt.
2- Re-defining“torture”in the law, in accordance with the International Convention against Torture.
3- Submitting the proposal toamend the NGOs lawto the upcoming parliament for discussion.
4- Eliminating any kind of violence and discrimination against women, and the need for the economic empowerment of women.
5- Finding solutions to eliminate the issue of street children, which is considered a national security issue.
6- Enforcing the laws related to persons with disabilities,and disseminating the culture of dealing with them, to obtain all their rights, and reintegrate them in the society.
7- Purifying the laws, and the need to identify the priorities of the legislations, such asthe laws on achieving social justice.
8- Observance of human rights in the fight against terrorism and compensation of victims.
9- Eliminating of hate speech through education, art, media, literature and all forms of culture in the society.
10- The development of educational curricula.
11- Set a plan to achieve appropriate health care for all governorates, especially small and remote villages, improvement of hospitals and health centers, given the fact that the Constitution has allocated 3% of the gross domestic product to health.
12- The expansion of the development projects in various regions.
13- Combating unemployment through small and medium-sized projects that require a greater number of employees.
14- Establishing minimum wages for all.The government has set a minimum wage for employees in the government only.
15- Reformingthe social insurancesystem, and retrieving the insurance money.
16- Giving more attention to youth to achieve their demands in obtaining adequate housing, education decent work.